Caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Central Visayas which is a portion of the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019.
The virus started Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was confirmed in Bohol. The first two confirmed cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The first confirmed case in Region 7, and the third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already cured from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. Samples obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 but during the second testing formed tested positive for the virus. After March and during early April, there have been rising number of cases in the island of Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw rising number of cases. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the unbelievable number of SARS-CoV-2 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, surpassing Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. After a few months of no cases, Bohol confirmed its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from overseas to the province. The province of Siquijor became the final province in Region 7 to record its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was notified on August 2.
On the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue halted classes in all levels for both private and public schools as a inhibitory measure against the spread of the virus. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still ordered to implement distance education measures. On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia notified the execution of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel which was also notified by the governor effective March 17 On March 16, following the execution of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella notified an executive order outlawing the sale, distribution, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all public places. On March 19, Mayor Labella ordered the short-term closure of all trading establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments dispensing crucial goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. On March 25, the governor of Cebu notified Executive Order No. 5-N placing the all province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27.
Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private organization put quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be employed by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. Cebu has been labelled as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ) on the month of August 2020 so the restrictions have been moderated.