The COVID 19 pandemic which has spread all over the world including in Central Visayas is a fraction of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case of the disease was recorded in Bohol for the Central Visayas which started on February 5, 2020. Two Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had travel history to Dumaguete and Cebu were the first two recorded cases in the Philippines. The first recorded case in Region 7, and the third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020. The patient was a 60 year old woman who have already recuperated from the disease at the time of the announcement and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for COVID 19 but the second tests assembled tested positive for the virus. During the month of April 2020, there have been soaring number of cases in Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw soaring number of cases. By May 10, Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the unbelievable number of COVID 19 cases exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time.
An Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from foreign territory to the province oh Bohol become its second recorded case on May 13 after a few months of no cases. The province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to record its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was posted on August 2. On the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue stopped classes in all levels for both private and public schools as a inhibitory measure against the spread of the virus. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still legislated to implement distance education measures. Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia posted the execution of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day on March 15. The governor also posted that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. On March 16, following the execution of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella posted an executive order interdicting the sale, distribution, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all public places. On March 19, Mayor Labella legislated the short-term closure of all commercial establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments providing essential goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. The governor of Cebu announced and posted Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the all province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private operation instated quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be controlled by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. The curtailments have been modified starting on the month of August 2020 and Cebu has been tagged as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).