Caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the COVID 19 pandemic in Central Visayas which is a segment of the international pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019. The virus started Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was established in Bohol. The first two established cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The first established case in Region 7, and the third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already recuperated from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. Samples obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for COVID 19 but during the second testing produced tested positive for the virus. During the month of April 2020, there have been escalating number of cases in Cebu. There were also escalating number of cases in government jails. By May 10, Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the most number of COVID 19 cases exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. After a few months of no cases, Bohol established its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from outside the country to the province.
The province of Siquijor became the final province in Region 7 to list its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was implemented on August 2. As a preemtive measure against the spread of the virus, on the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue stopped classes in all levels for both private and public schools. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still decreed to enact distance education measures. Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia implemented the execution of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day on March 15. The Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel which was also implemented by the governor effective March 17 Following the execution of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City on March 16, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella implemented an executive order barring the distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all areas. On March 19, Mayor Labella decreed the provisional closure of all sales establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments dispensing necessary goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. The governor of Cebu announced and implemented Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the entire province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private group established quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be driven by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. The limitations have been moderated starting on the month of August 2020 and Cebu has been tagged as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).