The COVID 19 pandemic which has spread all over the world including in Central Visayas is a fraction of the international pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus began Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was recorded in Bohol. The first two recorded cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first recorded case in Region 7.
At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already healed from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st.
The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for COVID 19 but the second tests shaped tested positive for the virus. After March and during early April, there have been growing number of cases in the island of Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw growing number of cases. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the biggest number of COVID 19 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. An Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from abroad to the province oh Bohol become its second recorded case on May 13 after a few months of no cases. The province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to list its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was signed on August 2. As a deterrent measure against the spread of the virus, on the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue suspended classes in all levels for both private and public schools. Colleges, universities, and other schools, however, were decreed to impose distance education measures.
On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia signed the implementation of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The governor also signed that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. Following the implementation of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City on March 16, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella signed an executive order outlawing the distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all areas. On March 19, Mayor Labella decreed the temporary closure of all sales establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments giving vital goods and services, until the end of the GCQ.
The governor of Cebu announced and signed Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the entire province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. A private initiative called Bayanihan Cebu PH has lodged quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be controlled by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. Starting on the month of August 2020, limitations have been modified and Cebu has been classified as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).