The Coronavirus 19 pandemic which has spread all over the world including in Central Visayas is a segment of the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case of the disease was established in Bohol for the Central Visayas which began on February 5, 2020. The first two established cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first established case in Region 7. The patient was a 60 year old woman who have already cured from the disease at the time of the announcement and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. Samples obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for Coronavirus 19 but during the second testing produced tested positive for the virus.
During the month of April 2020, there have been growing number of cases in Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw growing number of cases. By May 10, Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the most number of Coronavirus 19 cases exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. After a few months of no cases, Bohol established its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from foreign territory to the province. The province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to list its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was posted on August 2. As a precautionary measure against the spread of the virus, on the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue halted classes in all levels for both private and public schools. Colleges, universities, and other schools, however, were ruled to execute distance education measures.
On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia posted the execution of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The governor also posted that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. On March 16, following the execution of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella posted an executive order banning the sale, distribution, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all public places. On March 19, Mayor Labella ruled the temporary closure of all private establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments selling crucial goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. The governor of Cebu announced and posted Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the whole province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27.
A private initiative called Bayanihan Cebu PH has instated quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be plied by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. After August 2020, some cutbacks have been modified because the province of Cebu has been tagged as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).