Caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Central Visayas which is a slice of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019. The virus arrived Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was confirmed in Bohol.
Two Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had travel history to Dumaguete and Cebu were the first two confirmed cases in the Philippines. The first confirmed case in Region 7, and the third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already cured from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 but the second tests shaped tested positive for the virus. During the month of April 2020, there have been soaring number of cases in Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw soaring number of cases. By May 10, Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the largest number of SARS-CoV-2 cases exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time.
After a few months of no cases, Bohol confirmed its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from abroad to the province. The province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to account its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was stated on August 2.
On the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue halted classes in all levels for both private and public schools as a deterrent measure against the spread of the virus. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still decreed to enact distance education measures. On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia stated the fulfillment of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The governor also stated that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. Following the fulfillment of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City on March 16, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella stated an executive order banning the distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all areas. On March 19, Mayor Labella decreed the temporary closure of all private establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments providing crucial goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. The governor of Cebu announced and stated Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the whole province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private firm positioned quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be plied by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health.
After August 2020, some restrictions have been moderated because the province of Cebu has been designated as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).