The Coronavirus 19 pandemic in Region 7 is a fraction of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case of the disease was confirmed in Bohol for the Central Visayas which arrived on February 5, 2020. The first two confirmed cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first confirmed case in Region 7. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already healed from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. Samples obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for Coronavirus 19 but during the second testing conducted tested positive for the virus. After March and during early April, there have been inflating number of cases in the island of Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw inflating number of cases. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the most number of Coronavirus 19 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, surpassing Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. After a few months of no cases, Bohol confirmed its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from abroad to the province. The province of Siquijor became the final province in Region 7 to list its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was announced on August 2.
As a precautionary measure against the spread of the virus, on the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue suspended classes in all levels for both private and public schools. Colleges, universities, and other schools, however, were directed to execute distance education measures. On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia announced the execution of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The governor also announced that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. Following the execution of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City on March 16, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella announced an executive order disallowing the distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all areas. On March 19, Mayor Labella directed the temporary closure of all private establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments bestowing key goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. On March 25, the governor of Cebu announced Executive Order No. 5-N placing the entire province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. A private group called Bayanihan Cebu PH has placed quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be handled by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health.
The limitations have been eased starting on the month of August 2020 and Cebu has been designated as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).