The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic which has spread all over the world including in Central Visayas is a part of the international pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case of the disease was proved in Bohol for the Central Visayas which appeared on February 5, 2020.
Two Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had travel history to Dumaguete and Cebu were the first two proved cases in the Philippines. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first proved case in Region 7. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already healed from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 but the second tests produced tested positive for the virus. After March and during early April, there have been soaring number of cases in the island of Cebu. There were also soaring number of cases in government jails. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the unbelievable number of SARS-CoV-2 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, surpassing Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. An Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from outside the country to the province oh Bohol become its second proved case on May 13 after a few months of no cases. The province of Siquijor became the final province in Region 7 to record its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was announced on August 2. On the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue stopped classes in all levels for both private and public schools as a precautionary measure against the spread of the virus. Colleges, universities, and other schools, however, were directed to enact distance education measures. On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia announced the imposition of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day. The Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel which was also announced by the governor effective March 17 Following the imposition of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City on March 16, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella announced an executive order interdicting the distribution, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all areas. Mayor Labella directed the short-term closure of all trading establishments in Cebu City on March 19 including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments selling crucial goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. On March 25, the governor of Cebu announced Executive Order No. 5-N placing the whole province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. A private operation called Bayanihan Cebu PH has put quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be run by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. The limitations have been lightened starting on the month of August 2020 and Cebu has been considered as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).