The COVID-19 pandemic which has spread all over the world including in Central Visayas is a portion of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus arrived Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was confirmed in Bohol. The first two confirmed cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first confirmed case in Region 7. At the time of the announcement of the 60-year-old woman patient, she have already cured from the disease and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for COVID-19 but the second tests assembled tested positive for the virus. After March and during early April, there have been escalating number of cases in the island of Cebu. Govnerment jails also saw escalating number of cases. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the unbelievable number of COVID-19 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. An Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from overseas to the province oh Bohol become its second confirmed case on May 13 after a few months of no cases. The province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to register its first case in which its first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was issued on August 2. On the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue suspended classes in all levels for both private and public schools as a deterrent measure against the spread of the virus. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still ruled to execute distance education measures. On March 15 the Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia issued the enactment of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day.
The Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel which was also issued by the governor effective March 17 On March 16, following the enactment of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella issued an executive order barring the sale, distribution, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all public places. On March 19, Mayor Labella ruled the short-term closure of all trading establishments in Cebu City, including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments giving vital goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. On March 25, the governor of Cebu issued Executive Order No. 5-N placing the whole province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private operation placed quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be utilized by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health. After August 2020, some restrictions have been loosened because the province of Cebu has been tagged as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ).