The COVID 19 pandemic in Region 7 is a piece of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus started Central Visayas on February 5, 2020, when the first patient of the disease was recorded in Bohol. The first two recorded cases in the Philippines were Chinese tourists admitted in a hospital in Metro Manila both who had traveled to Cebu and Dumaguete. The third case confirmed in the Philippines, was confirmed on February 5, 2020 which was also the first recorded case in Region 7. The patient was a 60 year old woman who have already cured from the disease at the time of the announcement and was allowed to return to China on January 31st. The first sample obtained from the patient on January 24 tested negative for COVID 19 but the second tests shaped tested positive for the virus.
During the month of April 2020, there have been inflating number of cases in Cebu. There were also inflating number of cases in government jails. Cebu City for a short time became the city in the country with the most number of COVID 19 cases on May 10 with 1,571 cases, exceeding Quezon City which had 1,558 cases at the time. After a few months of no cases, Bohol recorded its second case on May 13 which was that of an Overseas Filipino Worker repatriated from outside the country to the province. Siquijor's first two cases that of returnees from Metro Manila was announced on August 2 in which the province of Siquijor became the last province in Region 7 to register its first case. As a inhibitory measure against the spread of the virus, on the second week of March, the mayors of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue halted classes in all levels for both private and public schools. Even though with the class suspensions, schools, collegs, and universities were still legislated to execute distance education measures. Cebu Province Governor Gwendolyn Garcia announced the fulfillment of a province-wide curfew from 10 in the evening to 5 in the morning the following day on March 15.
The governor also announced that the Mactan–Cebu International Airport and the Port of Cebu would suspend all arrivals and departures of domestic passenger travel, effective March 17. On March 16, following the fulfillment of a general community quarantine (GCQ) in Cebu City, Cebu City Mayor Edgar Labella announced an executive order interdicting the sale, distribution, and consumption of alcoholic beverages in all public places. Mayor Labella legislated the short-term closure of all private establishments in Cebu City on March 19 including all malls and the Cebu City Sports Complex but excluding establishments providing important goods and services, until the end of the GCQ. The governor of Cebu announced and announced Executive Order No. 5-N on March 25 which places the entire province under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) from March 27. Bayanihan Cebu PH which is a private enterprise instated quarantine facilities known as Bayanihan Field Centers for COVID-19 patients in Cebu which are to be employed by the Central Visayas field office of the Department of Health.
Cebu has been designated as modified general community quarantine (MGCQ) on the month of August 2020 so the curtailments have been eased.